Sefton Local Safeguarding Children Board

Child Sexual Expoitation

What is Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)?

child sexual expoitation - listen to my story

Child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse

It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator.

The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual.

Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.

Department for Education (DFE) 2017

For more information visit: 

Visit for more information about the CSE campaign and for details of how you can help raise awareness of CSE.



Barnardo's have produced a series of leaflets in relation to CSE aimed at a variety of people within the community and people who work with young people:

CSE Leaflet - Parents/Carers

CSE Leaflet - Young Person - How to keep you and your friends safe

CSE Leaflet - Working with Young People

CSE Leaflet - Service Sector

Child Exploitation (Pan Merseyside Multi-Agency CE Protocol)

Pan Merseyside Multi-Agency Child Exploitation Protocol 2020

All agencies across Merseyside are fully committed to safeguarding children and young people from being sexually exploited or criminally exploited, whilst disrupting and prosecuting individuals who have exploited them. The Pan Merseyside Protocol provides a set of multi-agency principles for tackling Child Exploitation across Merseyside. An overarching term of Child Exploitation will be used throughout this Protocol to encompass both criminal and sexual exploitation of children in our area.

The Protocol details how through the Multi-Agency Child Exploitation meetings (MACE) we can reduce the harm posed to children from Child Exploitation alongside safeguarding procedures.

Child Exploitation, whether sexual or criminal, is child abuse. Children who become involved face huge risks to their physical, emotional and psychological health and well-being.

Click to view the Pan Merseyside Multi-Agency Child Exploitation (CE) Protocol 2020

Child Exploitation Referrals (CE Checklist)

Child Exploitation Checklist

For all referrals specifically relating to Child Exploitation, please complete the Signs of Child Exploitation Guidance Checklist. This is in addition to the child referral form and securely email to:

To make a referral visit Sefton Council website: Sefton Council - Concerned about a Child - Make a Referral

CSE Awareness

child sexual expoitation - listen to my story

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) Awareness

Catch22 have a film that has been made using real stories from the work they undertake. You can find that video here:

National Working Group (NWG) Campaign:

For further information on all of the work that Catch22 does around Child Sexual Exploitation, please refer to their website: 

As the Child Sexual Exploitation Commissioned Service in your Local Authority, Catch22 have undertaken a piece of work with both local children and local professionals to identify pieces of advice for children and professionals around preventing CSE online, and issue identified by local young people as a large concern for them. See below.

make sure privacy settings on social media apps are activated

don\'t accept friend requests from people you don't know

never arrange to meet someone in person you have only met online

if anyone online asks you to keep a secret, tell a trusted adult

don't post personal photos or give out personal information


information for practitioners

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